【語你分享】品咖啡新美學

茶與咖啡顯然已成為國人兩大飲品市場,尤其對茶類商品更是眾所皆知,年長人士喝老人茶、

新生代喝手搖茶,但有一群代表的知識領先者的新中生代,以咖啡取代手搖飲料,以更鮮明

開放的態度接受外來文化的融入;語言就像咖啡一樣,每天從生活習慣中學習英文用語,

敞開心胸納入文化衝擊,就會發現英文其實是可以簡單學習,快速成長。

咖啡豆品種

 The two commercially significant species of coffee beans are: Coffea Arabica, and Coffea Robusta.

 商業上熟知的兩種咖啡豆是:阿拉比卡豆和羅伯斯特豆。

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Coffea Arabica阿拉比卡

 This species of coffee plant known as Arabica coffee is the most commonly grown species of

 coffee grown throughout the world. 阿拉比卡咖啡樹是全世界種植最普遍的一種咖啡樹。

 Usually gourmet coffee comes from Arabica coffee plants that grow at altitudes of above3,000

 feet between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn in tropical or subtropical conditions.

 通常極品阿拉比卡咖啡便來源於生長於海拔900米左右,位於北迴歸線到熱帶或

 亞熱帶之間的地域。

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Coffea Robusta羅伯斯特

 Liffe robusta coffee futures contract, one of the world's benchmark coffee prices.

 羅伯斯特咖啡價格是全球咖啡基準價格之一。

 

Coffea Liberica利比瑞卡

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咖啡豆主要產地

 Brazil巴西      Indonesia印尼       Kenya肯亞       Hawaii夏威夷

 Yemen葉門     Ethiopia衣索比亞    Jamaica牙買加    Colombia哥倫比亞

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咖啡豆種類

 Blue Mountain藍山咖啡      Mocha摩卡咖啡         Colombia哥倫比亞咖啡

 Mandeling曼特寧咖啡               Charcoal fire碳燒咖啡      Santos巴西咖啡

 Kenya AA肯亞咖啡(AA代表其級數也就是最高級品)           Kona Fancy夏威夷咖啡

 Kopi Luwak Coffee麝香貓咖啡   Black Ivory Coffee黑象牙咖啡     Aged Bean陳年咖啡豆

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咖啡的烘焙

 The darker the roast the more you will taste the char, rather than the flavor of the bean.

 烘焙度越深,你所嚐到的焦糊感越重,咖啡豆本身的風味越輕。

 As the roast darkens, caffeine and acidity decrease proportionately.

 烘焙度越深,咖啡因含量越少,酸度也越小。

 It takes approximately 2,000 Arabica cherries to produce just one pound of ro​​asted coffee.

 需要大約2000個阿拉比卡櫻桃果才能製造出1磅烤製咖啡。

 

 light roast 極淺焙      cinnamon roast 淺焙(肉桂烘培)    medium roast 中焙

 high roast 中深焙      city roast 城市烘焙               full city roast 深焙

 French roast 法式烘焙  Italian roast 重焙 (義式烘焙)

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咖啡風味

 acidity 酸度     aroma 香氣         fruit-like 果香        smoky 煙熏

 berries 莓果     flowery 花朵香      earthy 土地芬芳     nutty 有堅果香的

 winy 有酒香的      Earthy 有土壤香的   Smoky 有炭火香的    Caramelly 有焦糖味的

 aftertaste 餘味   flavour 風味   body醇度

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形容咖啡的味道

 Acerbic 澀的      Bitter 苦的       Sour 酸的      Sweet 甜的       Clean 清爽的

 Mellow 芳醇的    Rich 濃郁的      Thin 稀薄的    Heavy 味重的     Mild 溫和的

 Wild 狂野的      Strong 濃烈的     Sharp 鮮明的   Tangy 辛烈的     Spicy 辛香的

 Dry 不甜的       Delicate 細緻的    Complicated 複雜的     Well-balanced 平衡的

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咖啡豆處理

 washed process 水洗製程         semi washed 半洗      Miel / honey process 蜜處理

 natural process 日曬 / 自然處理   pulp nature 半日曬

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brewing equipment調理器具

 grounds 咖啡粉       Roasted Coffee 烘焙咖啡豆子      coffee pot 咖啡茶壺

 filter cone 錐形濾器    thick paper filter 濾紙            coffee Dripper 咖啡濾杯

 grinder 研磨器         to grind 研磨                    swan neck kettle 手沖咖啡細口壺

 coarse grind 粗顆粒研磨     fine grind 細顆粒研磨        coffeemaker 咖啡機

 coffee press 法式濾壓壺    drip coffeemaker 滴漏式咖啡機

 espresso brewing method 濃縮咖啡機        vaccum coffeemaker 虹吸式咖啡機

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咖啡的優點Advantages

1.Coffee has anti-oxidant contents. 咖啡含有抗氧化物質。

2.Cut the Pain. Two cups of coffee can cut post-workout muscle pain by up to 48%.

  減緩疼痛。兩杯咖啡可以減少高達48%的削減鍛煉後的肌肉疼痛。

3.Coffee helps you burn fat. Caffeine helps fat cells break down body fat and use it as fuel for training.

  咖啡可以幫助你燃燒脂肪。咖啡因有助於脂肪細胞分解體內脂肪,並用它作為燃料進行訓練。

4.It protects you from having type 2 diabetes. Coffee has natural sugar content that makes it

  more blood sugar friendly . 咖啡能防患二型糖尿病。咖啡含有天然糖分讓它對血糖更有好處。

5.Black coffee prevents cavities. Researchers out of Brazil found that strong black coffee kills the

  bacteria on teeth that leads to tooth decay. Adding milk or sugar to coffee negates this benefit.

 黑咖啡防止蛀牙。研究人員從巴西發現,濃郁的黑咖啡對殺死導致蛀牙的牙齒細菌。

 添加牛奶或糖的咖啡沒有這項福利。

6.It helps fight cancer especially colon cancer. As an active antioxidant producer, coffee can

  help reduce the risk of developing certain cancers.

  咖啡有助於抵抗癌症,尤其是結腸癌。咖啡,作為一種活躍的抗氧化物生產者,

  有助於降低患某種癌症的風險。

7.Coffee protects your brain. High caffeine levels in your blood reduce the risk of Alzheimer disease.

  咖啡能保護你的大腦。血液中的高咖啡因含量可以降低阿茲海默症的風險。

8.Good for the heart. It contains Tannin which promotes good cardiovascular health.

  Consuming a small amount of espresso coffee can benefit your heart and found no negative effect.

  對心臟有好處。咖啡裡含有的單寧酸可以促進心血管健康。

  飲用少量意大利特濃咖啡有益於心臟,沒有副作用。

 

咖啡的缺點Disadvantages

1.Coffee is addictive. Too much consumption of caffeine can cause addiction.

  Better drink coffee moderately to avoid this habit.

  咖啡令人上癮。太多的咖啡因可能使人上癮。最好適量飲用咖啡才可以避免養成習慣。

2.It can cause depression and nervousness. 咖啡會導致抑鬱和緊張。

3.It can cause ulcers. Drinking coffee without taking any solid food can harm your stomach.

  咖啡會導致潰瘍。只喝咖啡不吃固體的食物會傷害你的胃。

4.Bad coffee can be toxic. Bad quality coffee can have a lot of impurities in it,

  which can cause sickness, headache or a general bad feeling. If you invest and buy high quality,

  speciality coffee you don’t have to worry about this.

  不好的咖啡可能有毒。質量不好的咖啡可以有很多的雜質它,這可能會導致疾病,

  頭痛或不舒服。如果你投資購買高品質,特色咖啡,你不必擔心這一點。